Eye Care tips for adultsPosted on October 17, 2013 by ECR Louisville in Blog, Caregiver Education, Vision Loss
Eye Care for Adults :
Two common fallacies about eye check ups are that if you can see fine,you don’t need an examination by an ophthalmologist and that vision screenings are just eye examination by a different name. A thorough eye examination is recommended for all adults above age of 40 years on regular basis.
The Common eye problems in adults are :
- Computer vision syndrome.
- Diabetic retinopathy.
Computer Vision Syndrome :
Eyestrain has been reported with most computer users. Referred to as Computer Vision Syndrome or Computer Stress Syndrome, it involves the manifestation of variety of symptoms such as eye strain, headache, and may at times be indicated by indirect symptoms such as neck, shoulder, back and wrist pains, general fatigue and decreased visual efficiency.
The term cataract is used to describe the clouding of the natural lens of the eye. The vision dims because the cataract prevents light from passing beyond the lens and focusing on the retina.
Glaucoma a leading cause of blindness in the world, especially for older people. However visual loss is preventable or stabilized with early diagnosis and treatment. Glaucoma is a condition of the eye where the optic nerve is damaged. The optic nerve carries images to the brain, which are then perceived as vision. Minute nerve fibers from various parts of the retina join to form the optic nerve.
Diabetic Retinopathy :-
Diabetic retinopathy is a potentially blinding complication of diabetes that damages the eyes retina. It affects 80 to 90% of all patients diagnosed with diabetes.
What can I do to prevent computer vision syndrome?
- Stop periodically to blink, stretch and look away from the computer screen.
- Sit approx. 24 inches away from the screen; sitting close to screen may cause eye strain.
- Arrange room lighting such that glare on the screen is minimum.
- Use of anti reflector would be of good choice.
- Check posture of your from time to time to reduce neck, shoulder and wrist pain.
- Keep wrist straight while typing and not on supported sharp edge.
- Use artificial tears to lubricate your eyes periodically, prefer the use of preservative free tears.
- Do exercise also which will hardly take few seconds of yours, close your eyes and roll yours eyes clockwise and anti clockwise. Take deep breathe and release it while opening your eyes.
Steps to remember while using computer which will help us:-
- Use the 20-20-20 rule: every 20 minutes, take a 20-second break and look at something 20 feet away
- Create an ergonomically-friendly work station with proper lighting, seat adjustments, and monitor settings
- Maintain an appropriate distance from handheld and stationary device screens
- Enlarge your computer text and browser windows for easier viewing
- Clean electronic device screens frequently to eliminate dust and glare
- Remember to blink; staring at screens can dry eyes
If you look at a smartphone most of the day, look at the image below — at the proper distance, of course — and note how the setup should appear.
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